Insights
Publications

Navigating the Wine Industry’s Property Insurance Conundrum

March 2, 2022 Articles
Wine Industry Advisor

Property insurance is both a prudent choice by a business, as well as, in certain circumstances, a requirement, such as when a winery borrows money from a bank or commercial lender. If and when casualty events arise, insurance will support the rebuilding of operations and, likely, address losses of inventory. However, obtaining or affording property insurance is becoming increasingly difficult, with wildfires across the Western United States being a large factor.  Wineries should not “suffer in silence” and know there is help available.

Is Property Insurance Required and, if so, What Is Required?

If you have any form of loan or other amount of borrowed money from a bank or other commercial lender, then the answer is “yes.” Loan agreements contain agreements requiring property insurance. This generally will be on such terms and in such amounts as the lender determines is necessary for the specific winery. Traditionally, this has meant coverage in such amounts to cover the full replacement cost of for property.

The consequence of not maintaining insurance as required allows the lender to purchase insurance on a winery’s behalf—known as “force placing insurance.” However, in this situation, a lender is not required to purchase the least expensive or most coverage. Typically, a lender will purchase coverage for only the outstanding amount(s) owed to the lender following a casualty. This can result in no proceeds left for a winery to then use to rebuild its business.

Availability of Property Insurance

Presently, many wineries in California are finding that they either can no longer purchase insurance or the winery has to pay a materially significant increase in the annual premium for likely less coverage than it had in years prior. For wineries facing these situations (non-renewal and/or significant increases in premiums), talking to your insurance broker as well as your lender as early and as often as possible can help.

Insurance brokers see many different situations arise and are constantly working with wineries to help navigate a winery’s insurance renewal process. The broker’s advantage is they see many different wineries’ situations and can adapt to the changing insurance market. Brokers talk directly with multiple insurance carriers and, in many cases, have successfully helped wineries obtain insurance coverage following a notice of non-renewal.

Also, having a dialogue with its lender can also benefit a winery. Similar to the broker, lenders see many borrowers’ situations and can help wineries discover solutions to obtain insurance as well as assist with a winery’s compliance with the insurance requirements of a loan.

Costs of Property Insurance

Even if coverage is available, the cost and amount of coverage may be prohibitive to the winery’s business. Brokers and lenders can also be resources for strategies to manage costs and coverage.

Cost solutions can range from relatively simple fixes to more intensive threat mitigation. For example, a winery can consider moving its inventory offsite to a third party warehouse. In general, third party warehouses are located in areas that are much less likely to be affected by fire or casualty. As a result, a winery could then obtain insurance coverage for its inventory and, possibly even at a more affordable premium.

Other solutions directly focus on the winery and surrounding property itself. Firewise USA provides a valuable starting point for addressing fire risk. Additionally, a local fire department may offer a service where the fire department will evaluate a property and provide suggestions for better protecting it from fire. These can range from creating fire breaks and trimming vegetation to more simple solutions such as where trash is located. Trash can be a significant fuel source.

Legislative Solutions

At present, however, wildfires are not addressed at a national level in the same way that hurricanes, floods, and earthquakes are. This results in states having to address wildfire risk on a state by state basis. In California, legislators and regulators are focusing on the immediate need to secure or retain insurance coverage as well as developing a sustainable insurance market in the coming decades. 

The Catastrophic Wildfire Insurance Act (AB 1522), making its way through the California legislature, would create catastrophic wildfire insurance for moderate and high risk places in California. This would create another class of insurance to insure more of California, backed up by a reinsurance fund, financed by taxes, tax exempt bonds, assessments, and other similar measures. The goal being to maintain a healthy marketplace to insure those parts of California affected by wildfire.

It’s worth repeating: Speak with your broker and/or lender as early and often as needed to help address your individual situation. Trade groups and associations can be other valuable sources of information and assistance.

If you would like a more detailed discussion on wildfires, property insurance and requirements of loan facilities, please visit “Disaster Matters: Property Insurance and the Wine Industry.”

Published by Wine Industry Advisor

Firm Highlights

Publication

Upside: Changes in the VCAP Liability Coverage Market

Over the past few years, there's been a dramatic rise in premiums in the venture capital liability insurance market and a steady increase in claims being submitted under those policies. We're also seeing a...

Read More
Publication

Upside: Litigation Trends In the Private Equity and Venture Capital Space

In today's Upside episode, we explore fiduciary duty in the venture capital context. Can owners of a venture capital management company act in ways that explicitly disadvantage their business partners? Can they agree to...

Read More
Publication

The War Exclusion in a Time of War

The “war” exclusion has gotten more attention over the past couple of weeks in light of Russia’s invasion of Ukraine. For good reason. This exclusion, common in property and liability policies alike, typically eliminates...

Read More
News

Janice Reicher Named a 2022 Leadership Council on Legal Diversity Fellow

Farella Braun + Martel is proud to announce that Janice Reicher has been named a member of the 2022 class of Leadership Council on Legal Diversity (LCLD) Fellows. Janice joins a select group of...

Read More
News

Legal Experts Say Opioid Coverage Disputes Far From Over

Shanti Eagle was quoted in Law360 's article "Legal Experts Say Opioid Coverage Disputes Far From Over."  Read the article here (subscription required).

Read More
News

2022 Cannabis Insurance Market Update

Tyler Gerking was quoted in  PropertyCasualty360 's article "2022 Cannabis Insurance Market Update."  Read the full article here (subscription required). Watch the webinar "Cyber Insurance for the Cannabis Industry" here .

Read More
News

Erica Villanueva Inducted Into American College of Coverage Counsel

Read More
Event

Fire Season Preparedness: What Wineries Should Do

Tyler Gerking is the moderator and Jennifer Bentley is a speaker at the Paso Robles Wine Alliance program "Fire Season Preparedness: What Wineries Should Do.”  Guest speakers include Piper Cole and Joe Nordlinger of...

Read More
News

Farella Braun + Martel Announces Five New Partners

Read More
Publication

Illinois Courts Largely Favor Coverage for BIPA Cases Under CGL Policies

Since Illinois passed its Biometric Information Privacy Act (BIPA) in 2008, there has been a proliferation of class action lawsuits filed pursuant to the statute. BIPA generally bars private entities from collecting, capturing, purchasing...

Read More