Coronavirus and the Workplace: Key Legal Updates for Employers

March 20, 2020 Articles

With the spread of COVID-19 and the rapidly evolving federal, state, and local government response, it can be difficult for employers to keep up with their rights and obligations. This week, California’s Governor Gavin Newsom relaxed state law notice requirements for employer layoffs during this time. Meanwhile, the federal government has enacted new laws designed to support businesses and employees. The City of San Francisco has announced financial support for employers to provide additional sick leave. These new developments are summarized below.

California Relaxes WARN Act Notice Requirements

Under normal circumstances, California’s Worker Adjustment and Retraining Notification (“WARN”) Act requires covered employers to give 60 days’ notice regarding any mass layoff affecting 50 or more employees within a 30-day period, or any plant closing. The federal WARN law contains a similar notice requirement. Although the federal WARN law contains an exception for unforeseeable business circumstances, the California WARN law contains no such exception.

On March 17, 2020, Governor Gavin Newsom signed an executive order relaxing California WARN law notice requirements for layoffs resulting from COVID-19 through the end of the State of Emergency. While employers still must provide notice to affected employees, it must only be “as much notice as is practicable” while providing a brief statement of the basis for reducing the notification period. The layoff or termination must result from COVID-19-related business circumstances that were not reasonably foreseeable at the time that notice would have been required. The notice must also inform terminated employees of their potential eligibility for unemployment insurance. Employers should consult legal counsel to determine whether any workforce reduction is covered by state or federal WARN law.

The Federal Government Adopts the Families First Coronavirus Response Act

On March 18, 2020, the federal Families First Coronavirus Response Act was signed into law, requiring employers with fewer than 500 employees to provide paid FMLA leave and paid sick leave for defined purposes relating to Coronavirus. The four main provisions that are relevant to employers are as follows:

  1. Emergency Paid Sick Leave: Covered employers must provide two weeks of paid sick leave at the employee’s regular rate for specified purposes related to Coronavirus: to quarantine or isolate under doctor’s or governmental orders; to seek a diagnosis or preventative care; to care for someone who has been quarantined; or to care for a child whose school or place of care is closed, or if the child care provider is unavailable. The maximum amount paid to the employee is capped depending on the purpose for which the leave is taken.
  2. Emergency Paid FMLA Leave: Covered employers must provide 12 weeks of job-protected FMLA leave to care for a child if the child’s school or place of care has been closed or if the child care provider is unavailable due to Coronavirus. The first 10 days are unpaid (unless the employee elects to use accrued paid time off), and the remaining 10 weeks must be paid at no less than 2/3 the employee’s regular rate, subject to a cap. Some exemptions are available for small employers.
  3. Employer Tax Credits: The law offers refundable tax credits for certain employers to offset the cost of providing paid emergency sick leave or paid FMLA leave.
  4. Emergency Unemployment Insurance Stabilization: The law provides federal funding for emergency grants to states for processing and paying increased unemployment insurance benefits. Some of the funds are intended to ensure employees have access to benefits, including requiring employers to provide notification of eligibility, ensuring that employees have multiple methods to apply for benefits, and providing information to applicants about how to ensure their application for benefits is processed successfully.

San Francisco Will Pay for Additional Five Days of Sick Leave for Workers

On March 16, 2020, San Francisco Mayor London Breed announced the Workers and Families First Program, which includes $10 million in funding to private employers to provide an additional five days of sick leave to workers beyond the employers’ existing policies. All San Francisco employers are eligible, and 20% of the funds are reserved for employers with 50 or fewer employees. The City will contribute up to one week (40 hours) at $15.59 per hour (the San Francisco minimum wage) per employee (a total of $623), with the employer responsible for paying the difference between the minimum wage and the employee’s regular rate. More information can be found in the City’s press release, here:

Reporting Time Pay Not Required When Authorities Recommend Ceasing Operations

California law normally requires that, if an employee reports for their regularly scheduled shift but is required to work fewer hours or is sent home, the employee must be compensated for at least two hours, but no more than four hours, of reporting time pay. Reporting time pay does not apply when operations cannot commence or continue when recommended by civil authorities. Thus, when employees are sent home because government officials recommend that businesses shut down (such as the current situation with gyms, bars, restaurants, and other establishments), reporting time pay is not required.

Employment Development Department Work Sharing Program is an Alternative to Layoffs

California’s Employment Development Department (EDD) has a Work Sharing Program for which employers may apply if reduced production, services, or other conditions cause them to seek an alternative to layoffs. The Program allows for the payment of benefits to employees whose wages and hours have been reduced, while allowing employers to retain employees during a slowdown without having to lay them off. The Program is flexible such that employees may be rotated so different employees have reduced hours and wages each week. Employers who are interested in the Work Sharing Program should visit the EDD website for eligibility criteria and application information.

This is a difficult and complicated time for many employers. As conditions, laws, and guidance evolve, employers should consult with counsel to ensure compliance with all of the applicable legal authorities. Additional resources for California employers can be found at

Firm Highlights


Employment Law Updates for Nonprofits in the New Normal (Webinar)

Join Rebecca Stephens and Jaya Bajaj in the discussion on Employment Law Updates for Nonprofits in the New Normal. Nonprofit organizations are subject to both state and federal employment laws and regulations. The past few...

Read More

Use Caution When Laying off Employees Without a Return to Work Date

Employers who have laid off workers in recent weeks due to the shelter-in-place orders should be aware of little-known requirements regarding final paychecks.  Even if employees are being furloughed with the expectation of returning to...

Read More

Unlimited Vacation Policies Present Potential Pitfalls for California Employers

As unlimited vacation policies increase in popularity, California employers must be careful to avoid legal pitfalls in drafting and implementation. In the first California appellate decision to address unlimited vacation policies, the court held that...

Read More

Weed at Work: Understanding Legalized Marijuana in the Office

Click here  for the audio recording of the webinar "Weed at Work: Understanding Legalized Marijuana in the Office."

Read More

Coronavirus and Employee Privacy Laws: What Employers Should Know

The outbreak of the novel coronavirus (COVID-19) presents challenging medical privacy issues for employers. Employers must observe their employees’ continued legal right to privacy—including under the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA), HIPAA, and/or relevant...

Read More

Families First Coronavirus Response Act - Posting Requirement for Employers

The recently enacted Families First Coronavirus Response Act (“FFCRA”) requires private employers with fewer than 500 employees to post a notice by April 1 summarizing the benefits available to employees under the FFCRA. For employers...

Read More

Coronavirus: Can tech allay the dangers of the Bay Area office of the future?

Rebecca Stephens spoke to the San Francisco Chronicle about legal considerations that could potentially hinder a return to physical work as much as technological ones. Link to the article:

Read More

Coronavirus and the Workplace: Guidance for Employers Resuming Operations

As states and localities begin to relax shelter-in-place requirements and allow businesses to reopen, the coronavirus pandemic presents new challenges for employers. In addition to operational and logistical questions surrounding reopening, employers must navigate...

Read More

7 Tips for Creating a COVID-19 Essential Business Travel Policy

As states are relaxing COVID-19-related restrictions, employers should remain cautious about business travel. California’s public health orders still limit travel to an “urgent matter” or that which is “essential to your permitted work.” Given...

Read More

Coronavirus and the Workplace: Is Your Business Prepared?

The outbreak of the novel coronavirus (COVID-19) implicates numerous legal obligations for employers, including leave, medical privacy, and discrimination. Employers should prepare to implement policies that strike a balance between ensuring safety and fostering...

Read More